Where does the money come from?
APRA AMCOS collects licence fees from all Australian and New Zealand commercial free-to-air television networks and stations for the broadcast of its music (including in local and overseas television shows, films, promos and advertisements). In Australia this includes Networks 7, 9 and 10, their regional affiliates such as Prime, WIN and Southern Cross and their digital sister channels such as 7TWO, 7mate, 9Gem, 9Go! and 10Peach. In New Zealand this includes TVOne, TV2, TV3, FOUR. And while Maori TV is not a commercial television service we apply the same distribution practices.
It should also be noted that the data we receive from commercial television stations is also used to allocate royalties from many of our public performance licence schemes.
Licence fees from other Australian free-to-air TV stations such as ABC and SBS, and Pay TV in both Australia and New Zealand are collected and distributed separately (see specific Guides).
What information does APRA AMCOS use to determine who should be paid?
Commercial free-to-air TV networks/stations provide us with detailed electronic records of all the songs used in film and television productions they broadcast (cue sheets). They also provide us with detailed information about the date and time of broadcast. For the larger stations (both in terms of population reach and licence fees) we receive these records on a full census basis, meaning we receive 100% of all broadcast information, for smaller stations (e.g. regional affiliated stations) and secondary channels, a sample data set may be used, for example one full week of detailed records are provided for each month.
We also use Music Recognition Technology (MRT) to monitor the songs and compositions used in advertisements broadcast in capital cities. For advertisements broadcast in regional areas, we rely on Jingle Reporting Forms submitted directly by our members.
How are songs matched to the data APRA AMCOS receives?
Programming reported by the station is directly matched to the cue sheets (or in the case of promos, songs) that we hold in our database. Data from the cue sheets and other reports tells us who should be paid. APRA employs an internal sample methodology so that approximately 25% of programming that does not auto-match is researched by APRA AMCOS staff and the musical work information in our database is updated.
For MRT, our members may submit sound recordings to us to be uploaded to our MRT partner’s database. These songs are registered with APRA at the time they’re submitted, so that when broadcast information is reported to us the songs can be matched automatically. Songs reported in MRT data which weren’t submitted by our members can still be matched to the songs in our database, for inclusion in our distributions. For Jingle Reporting Forms members also register their ownership when they’re submitting the form.